Jasper has been known to mankind since the days of the early Paleolithic. Ancient people used it to make simple tools and weapons. With the development of the production people learnt to process jasper stone and make jewelry, mascots and symbols of faith and power. Products made of this mineral are believed to have decent curative and magical properties.
Jasper crystal was good not only for the manufacture of jewelry, but also for large home furnishings (sculptures, fireplaces and vases) and trims. The gemstone lends itself well to polishing and boasts a wide array of colors and textures. This makes it a perfect material for mosaic panels and floors. Many metro stations are reveted with jasper slabs.
The world’s best jasper samples are mined in the Ural Mountains. The most known field is the mountain “Polkovnik”, near the Or river. There are also deposits of this mineral in the USA, Germany, France, Japan, India. Crimea gives the world rare brocade jasper.
Jasper is a crystalline rock. The basis of it is formed by quartz and chalcedony. The impurities of pigmented minerals (chlorite, mica, pyrite, iron oxides and manganese) give this unique variety of colors. They’re located in a chaotic manner, thus forming a weird structure: massive, spotted, gauffering and banded. A single color scheme is the most common for jasper.
Jasper gem has a volcanic origin. Siliceous rock transformed into semi-precious stone deposits under the influence of ancient geological processes, lasting up to hundreds of thousands of years. The intensity and diversity of color directly depends on the degree of exposure of metamorphic forces – the stronger their impact, the more coloring impurities it will contain.
Variety and color
Pay attention to how this natural stone looks like on the photo.
Jasper is an opaque, dense, sturdy and hard mineral with a high viscosity.
In most cases, jasper is classified according to color, composition and texture. An additional difference is the place of extraction of the rock. Natural jasper samples always contain impurities of garnet, and it gives it a greenish, reddish or white porcelain look.
Classification according to texture
It features a monochromatic color as well as coarse-grained structure. It contains up to 80% of granite. Jasper is mostly used for technical needs. The major colors are wax, blue-gray and gray-green.
This version comes with a series of colored bands of varying thickness. It’s widely used for making jewelry. The basic color is green in all its shades. Revnev jasper resembles malachite. Jasper samples with deep red, pinkish and yellowish streaks are less common.
This texture is made up of four main components: quartz, magnetite, hematite and garnet. Its grain size and structure depend on the field.
Classification according to color
Green: That’s the most common type. The color may have any shade. A typical representative is jasper- agate.
White: It’s painted in bright milk colors with gray stripes or drawings. Pure white stones are very rare.
Red: The bright painting varies from pale pink to dark red. Samples can be plain and patterned.
Heliotrope or bloody jasper: These are dark green or black stones with red spots. This is the rarest and most valuable types of jasper.
Other less known types include:
German (Swiss) lapis: It contains lazure impurities.
Prase: It’s a green gemstone.
Basanite: It’s a black jasper mined in the United States.
A number of minerals resembling jasper are also associated with it: irnimit, jasper hornfels and quartzites, jasper tuffs and porphyries, jasperoids (jasper-agate, spheroid).
Jasper Uses and Processing
Raw jasper looks like an ordinary-looking colored stone. In order to make it play all its colors, it should be processed in the proper way. It’s a very laborious process as it’s a very dense and hard mineral. Jasper doesn’t lend itself well to processing and it’s hard to have it chipped or scratched. Therefore, anything made of it is durable and resistant to abrasion.
Jasper is polished with abrasive pastes to get a shine surface. Samples with a fine structure are usually pre-soaked to avoid dust during processing. They’re cut by means of mechanical rock-cutting machines and the pattern is chosen manually. It’s a real art to make a unique pattern of mosaic pieces created by nature.
That’s the most commonly used semi-precious stone. It’s a popular material for jewelry, bracelets, gems, necklaces and beads. Then, it’s often inserted into precious metals. Jasper is also used for the manufacture of home decoration items: candle holders, boxes, desk sets, vases and clocks. That’s a must-have attribute of any sophisticated home interior.
Products and prices
Due to the complexity of processing, it’s almost impossible to make fake jasper samples. As follows from this any jasper product is perfect combination of natural forces and human perseverance. With a catchy variety of shades, each jasper is truly unique of its kind.
Jasper is utilized to make inserts for rings, seal-rings, pendants, bracelets, necklaces, hair ornaments, earrings and clothing. Its sturdiness makes it ideal for the manufacture of chests, boxes, candlesticks, writing instruments, vases, business card holders and fireplaces.
The cost of jasper depends on the quality and rarity of the stone. The price per gram can fluctuate from $1 to $10. The cost of jasper jewelry depends on the complexity of work and materials used. For instance, a bracelet can be purchased for $10 – $50, while earrings with this gemstone can be worth $8 – $40.
Jasper Magical properties
Eastern religions say that jasper prolongs life and strengthens the body. This gemstone has not only beauty, but also power. So there’s no wonder that mankind has used it magical and religious rites. Churches of different religions used the gemstone to trim the altar, walls and floor. A church utensil for special ceremonies also makes use of jasper. Both ancient and up-to-date healers and magicians have found jasper efficient against evil forces.
Jasper provides energy to its owner, thus attracting happiness and well-being. Raw jasper samples are considered to be extremely powerful and can protect from the evil eye, damage as well as negative energy effects. A house decorated with jasper boxes, balls and figurines will bring its inhabitants family harmony and happiness. The owner of this stone will be protected from rash acts. Jasper also brings good luck and repels envious glances.
If you’re eager to save your loved one in a long journey, give him or her a decoration or souvenir with this gemstone. Jasper traditionally patronizes travelers – they’ll be protected from any troubles and hazards. Apart from that it’s a symbol of humility and courage. In ancient times it was believed that jasper mascots would give strength to warriors and wisdom to scientists.
Jasper Healing properties
Alchemists and healers made use of jasper to get rid of ailments. Red jasper demonstrates the best curative ability. It’s good against women’s diseases. Red jasper ensures normal pregnancy and easy delivery. Furthermore, jasper efficiently prevents diseases of the digestive system and bladder. Products with jasper positively affect the wearer’s psychological state, normalize sleep, relieve depression and insomnia.
Heliotrope is believed to be good at stopping bleeding. Jasper aslo improves visual acuity and heart function.
Jasper and Zodiac
Jasper patronizes anyone born under the sing of Virgo. It makes them wiser and protects from adversity. Virgo people who wear jewelry with this stone, become softer and easier find a common language with the outside world.
The gemstone also fits Pisces. Being diffident and soft by nature they require strength of character and resilience. That’s what they can get from jasper. It will also help them to get rid of suspiciousness. Aries and Gemini shouldn’t wear this gemstone.